Emergency Deployable Unit | Field Hospital


The idea of an “Emergency Parametrically Customised Deployable System” was born with [An_D]. [An_D] was a work team, Design Research Laboratory Based, at the Architectural Association of London, which investigated about deployable parametrically customised membranes. Since the beginning we were interested in body oriented architecture, a deployable fully integrated into the body architecture that deploys anywhere and anytime.

Deployable 3D structure from a flat surface, able to arrive directly from the factory to site, is perfectly packed and ready for an easy and quick enablement. It will be designed through a 2D patterned deployable surface that expands into a complete 3D space: The idea of having a multilayered patterned membrane that expands 400%.

The Emergency Intermediate Health Deployable System, Interface customised, will be able to satisfy most medical needs in the shortest time in any scenario. Factory connected and parametrically designed. A time-based system in two kind of unit:

– Basic triage: Fast deployable pack ready to be sent immediately after the disaster. With a limited use in time and focus in the acute phase. Usable as an adaptable triage or first-aid unit working alone, or, with an existing health facility that is damaged or overcrowded.

– Specific health Unit System: Different rapid deployable units customisable according to the kind of emergency through an interface-based design factory connected. Units response to the specific spaces and needs, so, it is a complete integrated system, able to adapt to specific diseases, spatial and technological needs, and able to form a field hospital.

In an attempt to fulfill all these necessities health care delivery systems are now confronting important challenges posed by the rapid development of communication and biomedical technology, the need for cost-containment and the focus on effectiveness and efficiency, the increase of populations’ demands for services and changes in demographic and epidemiological factors. Even though all this growing interest about the increasing OHMS performances the WHO is still facing a problem with intermediate health services. At this stage they subdivide the emergency units in three categories, ascribing different aims at diverse duration in time.

– First 48 hours: It is allowed to work with the energy of the location. In any case is recommended to be Self-Sufficient. It is needed to have operative capacity in site.

– From 3 days up to 15 days: Need of Secondary attention, traumatised continuous control.

– From 15 days up to 2 years: Need of not being tents or non self-sufficient structure mechanisms, having Closed air circuit, self energy and primary attention.

[An_D] members: Ana Cocho, Andrea Balducci, Daode Li




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